Purpose:Demontrates longitudinal behavior of sound waves
Description:A lighted candle is placed directly in front of the center of a large loudspeaker, which is operating in the 10 Hertz range. The motion of the candle flame is longitudinal, following the motion of the air, illustrating the longitudinal nature of sound waves.
With a bit of exploration, one can find resonances in the system that produce the most dramatic flame displacement. Consider having students make predictions about how different waveforms will make the flame respond differently