Q: How will the float move inside the water vessel as the vessel executes simple harmonic motion?
A: Surprisingly, the float will remain at rest in the water vessel as it oscillates. It will even remain at rest when the vessel is stopped suddenly with your hand! See video 2 below. As the vessel oscillates, the weight density of both the floater and the water bath vary together, as the acceleration of the vessel varies, so the ratio of their densities remains the same, and they will continue to float with the same geometrical relationship!!