Tuesday, 17 June 2014 14:48

F4-24: HILSCH VORTEX TUBE

• ID Code: F4-24
• Purpose: Demonstrate some results of vorticity and fluid forces arising from the Maxwell distribution of molecular velocities.
• Description: Connect the end of the hose to a compressed air supply. After a few minutes, colder air squirts out the short end and warmer air squirts out the longer end. Inside the device is a cylindrical vortex cavity, into which all air is injected. The more rapidly moving molecules (warmer air) rotate at the outer radii, while the slower molecules (cooler air) rotate at inner radii. The two extremes are then directed toward the appropriate end of the tube.
• Availability: Temporarily unavailable
• F4-01: VISCOSITY OF LIQUIDS

Compare the viscosities of water and mineral oil. Read More
• F4-02: VISCOSITY OF AIR

Demonstrate that air is viscous. Read More
• F4-04: SILLY PUTTY

Demonstrate a non-Newtonian fluid. Read More
• F4-05: PARACHUTE TOY

Demonstrate how a parachute quickly reaches its terminal velocity. Read More
• F4-11: LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW OF AIR

Demonstrate laminar and turbulent flow. Read More
• F4-12: UNMIXING - GLYCERIN AND DYE

Illustrate laminar flow by "unmixing" two fluids Read More
• F4-13: FLUID FLOW MODEL

For use as a model in developing equations for fluid flow. Read More
• F4-14: WIND TUNNEL

Show air flow around different objects. Read More
• F4-21: LIQUID IN SPINNING SPHERE

Show the behavior of a liquid when subjected to a centripetal force. Read More
• F4-22: SPINNING WATER BUCKET

Illustrate the reaction force on spinning water and the shape of the water surface. Read More
• F4-23: WATER PENDULUM

Show the surface of a container of water in a swinging pendulum. Read More
• F4-24: HILSCH VORTEX TUBE

Demonstrate some results of vorticity and fluid forces arising from the Maxwell distribution of molecular velocities. Read More
• F4-25: CYCLONE IN A BOTTLE

Illustrate vorticity in a perhaps tricky way. Read More
• F4-31: SIPHON

Illustrate how a siphon works. Read More
• F4-32: SIPHON - CHAIN MODEL

Illustrate how a siphon works. Read More
• F4-33: PYTHAGOREAN CUP

Demonstrate the siphon in a surprising way. Read More
• F4-34: SIPHON BALANCE

Demonstrate properties of the siphon using a counterintuitive example. Read More
• F4-41: DRUM AND CANDLE

Demonstrate the circular vortex. Read More
• F4-42: SMOKE RINGS USING GARBAGE CAN

Create large smoke rings and illustrate the circular vortex. Read More
• F4-51: VACUUM PUMP MODEL

Illustrate how a mechanical vacuum pump works. Read More
• F4-52: FORCE PUMP - MODEL

Demonstrate the operation of a force pump. Read More
• F4-53: ARCHIMEDES' SCREW

Demonstrate a pump mechanism invented by Archimedes. Read More
• F4-61: HERO'S FOUNTAIN

Illustrate fluid dynamics in a perhaps surprising way. Read More
• F4-63: MARIOTTE'S BOTTLE

Show the range of water jets from different heights along a water column. Read More
• 1